White Paper: The Internet in China

Released by: 
Information Office of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China

On 8 June 2010

Contents

 

Released by: 
Information Office of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China

On 8 June 2010

Contents

 

Rule of Law or Rule of Moral

Rule of Moral or Rule of Law? Contending Passions of China’s Information Control in the New Round of Metropolis Development

This is an outline of my presentation prepared for a Symposium

Lust, Caution is a movie telling a story in Shanghai and Hong Kong in 1940s. I personally like it because it has not only good scenery but also some artistic, as well as sexy episodes. From the law perspective, the interesting thing is: This movie, especially those episodes with nude bodies may not be protected by China’s copyright law because Article 1 of that Law said that it aims to promote the development of ‘spiritual civilization’ but not indecent content, and Article 4 of the Law excludes the copyright protection to ‘illegal works’.

Therefore, if someone uploaded the movie to a website in China, the copyright holder might not eligible to sue the uploader for the copyright infringement. On the other hand, if the copyright holder licensed a website to provide the online watching, both the holder and the website might confront with criminal penalty no matter what warning signal had they placed on the website before the visitor could see the movie. The worse thing is no instruction in China’s law revealing what is obscene or indecent.

Rule of Moral or Rule of Law? Contending Passions of China’s Information Control in the New Round of Metropolis Development

This is an outline of my presentation prepared for a Symposium

Lust, Caution is a movie telling a story in Shanghai and Hong Kong in 1940s. I personally like it because it has not only good scenery but also some artistic, as well as sexy episodes. From the law perspective, the interesting thing is: This movie, especially those episodes with nude bodies may not be protected by China’s copyright law because Article 1 of that Law said that it aims to promote the development of ‘spiritual civilization’ but not indecent content, and Article 4 of the Law excludes the copyright protection to ‘illegal works’.

Therefore, if someone uploaded the movie to a website in China, the copyright holder might not eligible to sue the uploader for the copyright infringement. On the other hand, if the copyright holder licensed a website to provide the online watching, both the holder and the website might confront with criminal penalty no matter what warning signal had they placed on the website before the visitor could see the movie. The worse thing is no instruction in China’s law revealing what is obscene or indecent.

The history of China’s endeavour on controlling the information can be described as a contending between rule of law and rule of moral. Until currently, the controlling is mainly based on the judgement of the officer’s moral feelings (this includes the traditional moral or the so called Socialist Spiritual Civilization). Why? Because the law is very vague and uncertain.

The more complicated thing is: Some local government tends to carry out the Rule of Moral in name of Rule of Law. In Hangzhou, a new regulation has just promulgated, it says basically anyone who wants to post a thread onto BBS or any public discussion system must register her real name and citizen ID card number to the ISP beforehand.

Why do they believe this controlling will be useful? Not only because they don’t understand the technology (if one want, he may break any firewall), but also because of the Chinese legal tradition. Traditional Chinese social controlers used to embedding, or implanting literary or even passionate wordings into the legislation or policy documents. For example, many officers use ‘Internet violence’ to support the above regulation ‘real name registration’. However, the ‘Internet Violence’ is just a metaphor. It is impossible to conduct a legal prohibited real ‘violence’ through the Internet. The only things that may happen are defamation, invasion of privacy or leaking the state secrets, which are far away from the ‘violence’ in the legal sense, such as battery, trespass or body harassment. 

As Aristotle had said, ‘the law is free from passions’. Good information governance should be under the rule of law. The rule of moral might be efficient in some circumstances, but may also lead to many arbitrary administrations.  For example, there is a 2007 case in Shanghai on the blocking of the website. The plaintiff made a website hosting at a US web server. The website was purely lawful under Chinese law. However because the whole server was blocked afterwards, his website cannot be accessed from China. (Brief the case)

Contrasting to the mainland, the passions or pure moral doctrines are scarcely written in Hong Kong’s legislations directly. Comparing with Mainland, Hong Kong has a more precise and value-neutral law on the information controlling. In the Edison Chan’s obscene photo case, Hong Kong government firstly tried to determine, in accordance with the fixed procedure, whether the photos were consistent with the definition of ‘obscene’ or ‘indecency’ regulated in Obscene and Indecent Articles ordinance (Ch. 390 of HK ordinance). The moral criticisms to the author or the uploader of those photos always stayed in the media, and are not concerned by the judges.
 
The bright aspect on mainland China is: now the controlling is gradually stepping into the pace of rule of law. A good result of recent campaign of attacking indecent content in China is that a semi-governmental organization published 13 standards for distinguishing the indecencies from other contents. It has its defects because the most important thing: procedure of determination is still lacking. However, it is a good start (while the future may still be a contending between rule of moral and rule of law).

Between the mainland and Hong Kong, the most essential distinctions are not the buildings, human resources and industries, but the distinction between rule of moral and rule of law. Either of them has advantages for specific cases, while I think as for a general environment, stressing the rule of law would be crucial  for China’s new round of development in metropolis. If Shanghai wish to be a financial centre or regain its glorious status that we can see in the movie Lust, Caution, it has to be a safe harbour for everyone with clear and stable rule of law.

They just had Not Noticed It – Rebecca's Talk

screen-capture.pngRebecca Mackinnor brought an interesting talk at the Berkman Center on China’s Internet culture. See the video here, and see the notes by Ethan Zuckerman here, and notes by David Weinberger here.

In her presentation, Rebecca figures out the Back-Dorm Boys (后舍男孩), Premier Wen Jiabao’s 2-plus hour net chatting, rivercrab(河蟹), "alpaca sheep(草泥马)", blocked blogs and so on. These are very familar to Chinese netizens, at least those Chinese netizens who are working on the social development of the cyberspace and the cyberlaw. While what the most important observation of Rebecca, in my view, appears at the Q&A session. She said that for many people living on the mainland China, they  just not noticed the censorship.

Why? Becuse they just have many other concerns about their life, and

(1) for Chinese mainlander students, there are so much interesting stuffs IN the Chinese Cyberspace, including "alpaca sheep";

screen-capture.pngRebecca Mackinnor brought an interesting talk at the Berkman Center on China’s Internet culture. See the video here, and see the notes by Ethan Zuckerman here, and notes by David Weinberger here.

In her presentation, Rebecca figures out the Back-Dorm Boys (后舍男孩), Premier Wen Jiabao’s 2-plus hour net chatting, rivercrab(河蟹), "alpaca sheep(草泥马)", blocked blogs and so on. These are very familar to Chinese netizens, at least those Chinese netizens who are working on the social development of the cyberspace and the cyberlaw. While what the most important observation of Rebecca, in my view, appears at the Q&A session. She said that for many people living on the mainland China, they  just not noticed the censorship.

Why? Becuse they just have many other concerns about their life, and

(1) for Chinese mainlander students, there are so much interesting stuffs IN the Chinese Cyberspace, including "alpaca sheep";

(2) for foreigners (and actually some Chinese white collars either, I think) stay on the mainland, they can get anything if they can read English, unless one’s job focuses on the human rights issues specifically.

Yes, they just had not noticed the censorship. This is a very curcial and of course accurate description. Some may worry about this, but I’d say the contrary hereby.

Yes, the so-called cyber authoritarian may not be comfortable when someone meets it. However in most circumstance, one doesn’t have to knock into the wall. I mean, as a matter of fact, Chinese netizens just don’t HAVE TO notice it because comparing with the off-line world, the cyberspace itself, even in a firewalled intranet, have had brought so much fun to the people. It is the distributed network itself that provides the possibility of freedom of express, the freedom of knowledge sharing, the freedom of fun, the freedom of "lower taste" (低俗) – if not the freedom of obscene, and the freedom of piracy. This nature of the network is important, not only for the Internet controllers working for the regime, but also for the fighters of cyber democracy.

If there must be some value in the networked society, the best choice may not be, at least not only be the norm of freedom, but rather the Value of Value-neutral – not only for the technology, but also for the attitude to the cyber-society.

Actually, based on the same concern, in the cnbloggercon 2008, I proposed that a Chinese blogger conference may invite more bloggers who might never care about the social development, such as homosexual bloggers, Shebloggers, gourmets, and so on. They are making their own fun and create their own special information into the cyberspace continuously. In some sense, it is these various bloggers making the Chinese cyberspace being pluralistic, and then survived itself from a world of monopolization – of the money, power, resouce, and the thought.

Rebecca quotes the proverbs in Tao-te Ching (道德经) at the beginning of her talk (see slides here): 

The Kingdom is a spirit-like thing, and cannot be got by active doing. He who would so win it destroys it; he who would hold it in his grasp loses it.

天下神器,不可为也,为者败之,执者失之。

I’d echo the following sentence at the end of the same paragraph:

Hence the sage puts away excessive effort, extravagance, and easy indulgence.

是以圣人去甚,去奢,去泰。

垃圾网站展览馆

  从今天起,将到我这里发垃圾广告的各种垃圾网站记录下来,同时将这些网站上的其它可疑违法行为一并陈列(鉴于这些网站发垃圾信息,他们网站页面有问题的可能性比较大,没事不要随意进入我列的地址)。如果各位的Blog也被骚扰,请在我这里留言,告知垃圾信息在你网站上的地址,我去查看后加进这篇日志。(07年4月25日)

071116 Update:点此看本站过滤的词汇列表。
070507 Update:今天起,不仅记录发垃圾广告的网站,而且还记录大规模侵犯著作权或邻接权的网站,此外由于被展览的网站可能随时改邪归正,所以法豆只能保证在加入当天,该网站存在侵权行为或者发送了垃圾信息。如果被展览网站纠正了错误,请来邮件或者在下面留言告之。
070428 Update:展品中的红色字符为垃圾关键词,可放进您的网站过滤列表内。另外,也可将它们的地址列如列表内,也能有效控制垃圾信息。
今天起,统一编号,格式为:XXXYYMMDD,前面三位为垃圾编号,后面六位为发现的日期。

 

022080411
中国开门网 www.com51.com 这个网站只有非经营性网站的备案号,却大肆从事经营性电子商务业务,且长期、高频率地滥发垃圾邮件,在接收者声明不愿接收后仍不罢休。其号称有全新的业务模式,其实完全没有创新,让不懂网络的厂家付费而已。

  从今天起,将到我这里发垃圾广告的各种垃圾网站记录下来,同时将这些网站上的其它可疑违法行为一并陈列(鉴于这些网站发垃圾信息,他们网站页面有问题的可能性比较大,没事不要随意进入我列的地址)。如果各位的Blog也被骚扰,请在我这里留言,告知垃圾信息在你网站上的地址,我去查看后加进这篇日志。(07年4月25日)

071116 Update:点此看本站过滤的词汇列表。
070507 Update:今天起,不仅记录发垃圾广告的网站,而且还记录大规模侵犯著作权或邻接权的网站,此外由于被展览的网站可能随时改邪归正,所以法豆只能保证在加入当天,该网站存在侵权行为或者发送了垃圾信息。如果被展览网站纠正了错误,请来邮件或者在下面留言告之。
070428 Update:展品中的红色字符为垃圾关键词,可放进您的网站过滤列表内。另外,也可将它们的地址列如列表内,也能有效控制垃圾信息。
今天起,统一编号,格式为:XXXYYMMDD,前面三位为垃圾编号,后面六位为发现的日期。

 

022080411
中国开门网 www.com51.com 这个网站只有非经营性网站的备案号,却大肆从事经营性电子商务业务,且长期、高频率地滥发垃圾邮件,在接收者声明不愿接收后仍不罢休。其号称有全新的业务模式,其实完全没有创新,让不懂网络的厂家付费而已。

022080124
易展 http://www.yi-z.cn/ 
仪表展览网 http://www.18show.cn/滥发垃圾留言、垃圾引用通告,并以此招徕生意,让不懂网络的厂家付费。

021080105<品牌价值网 >(www.pubp.com),抄袭文章,侵犯著作权。如
http://www.pubp.com/admin/zhuanti/HongKong/1183684919394.html

020070619
所谓《世界经理人》(www.icxo.com)网站及其旗下的《世界法制报道》(law.icxo.com),这个所谓《世界法制报道》,里面几乎所有新闻都是无耻地抄袭——说他无耻,是因为无论什么报道,都在前面加个“世界法制报道讯”,讯你个头,我发表的文章也成了你的讯了??网上一搜索,这个网站原来早就恶名远扬了,Keso也说过他忽悠人,甚至还有消息说它学钓鱼网站,欺骗MSN密码。

019070506互联网实验室”的中文网站排行榜(top.chinalabs.com)。该站采用加框代码,把所有被收录的网站框进它的页面中作为“详细信息”,侵害了各个网站的著作权。

018070503 雅思代考亲身验证,这个信息是骗子。

017070501   视频交友网站  http://www.mycaiyi.cn
一个视频交友网站,还有增值电信业务许可证(浙B2-20060010),从表面上看并无色情东西。

018070501  杭州空调维修  http://www.qy6.com/qyml/compmorre.html、http://hzxinxinggs.cn.nowec.com/、http://hzhtygs.cn.nowec.com/   

关键词:空调维修。并没有建立自己的独立网站,利用其在一些企业名录网站登记的地址来开展宣传。

019070501深圳北大青鸟信狮学校IT职业教育  http://www.sz-aptech.com
关键词:青鸟

020070501 平价饰品网 http://www.pjspw.com

关键词:饰品

016070501:某网络群发公司名称关键词:一博(请将此关键词列入过滤列表)
1、用ICP备案号当经营证号;
2、非公司自称公司;
3、垃圾信息非法群发,众多垃圾信息的源头;

015070430:华科电www.93852.com
1、网页带木马病毒;
2、用ICP备案号冒充许可证号;且ICP备案号码是假的,根本不存在这个号码;
3、经营禁止经营的产品;
4、伪造网安备案编号。

014070428:风雷自动化仪表(上海)有限公司021fl.com.cn
除了滥发信息外,这个网站的ICP备案号码用的是“粤ICP备05005400号”,而这个备案号码的备案主体是:珠海市金信桥网络科技有限公司,张冠李戴。此外,网页带木马病毒。
关键词:液位仪

005070426:《当代经济管理科学》杂志http://www.008624.com/
这个杂志在新闻出版总署没有登记,网站上没有ICP号,杂志和网站都属非法。

006070426:《高等教育科学》杂志http://www.8p9p.com
世界上没有其主办者“中国高等教育研究会”,只有“中国高等教育学会”。这个所谓的《高等教育科学》与上述《当代经济管理科学》竟使用相同的电话号码,明显是同一群骗子,而且是相当低智商的骗子。这两个网站做得比较干净,显得好象很正式的样子,但是都没有ICP号,该刊物的所谓刊号也是假的。编辑部一会儿在山东一会儿在北京。四川大学法学院已经将这本杂志列为无效期刊(点这里)。

007070426:《刊征网》系列网站
才能期刊
网:http://www.cnqikan.com
也祁论文指导网:http://www.yeqi.com.cn
刊征网:http://www.kanzheng.com
除了非法发放垃圾广告外,还有如下问题:
1、这几个网站都出自相同的创立者,所有“投稿信箱”都是“沈阳东北大学邮局1230邮政信箱”。这个网站具典型的营利性质,所有备案号都是非营利性网站的号码,且都没有按规定链接到信产部的备案系统。
2、存在大规模著作权侵权行为,例如这篇“入世后我国的原产地名称(地理标志)保护初探”,连原作者名都没有放进去,竟然还要求别人“转载请注明出处”(作者为上海大学知识产权学院毕业生郭宝明)。
Update 071118:
3、一个多月以来,本帖的留言中,不断有骂人的,IP地址在同一段,全部来自沈阳,因为其中有辱骂张樊的内容,被我删除。11月15日,我收到发件人“中国写手吧”(这个网站与上述几个网站是一个人做的,联系地址和投稿信箱都相同)全是咒骂的邮件(内容太垃圾,我就不贴了)。这还真让我奇了怪了,他不往我这里发垃圾广告的话,我又怎么可能知道这些垃圾网站,不发个邮件来实实在在地道歉,反而极其恶毒地咒骂,并在另一封邮件中直接威胁“我去云南大学干死你”,呵呵,因为这么点小事就要干死人,谁还敢往他那里“投稿”呢?
4、几个网站的备案号全都用一个,都是辽ICP备06012797号,经查,这个备案号的登记者为侯学明。也就是说,如果的确是这位侯先生的话,那么这个人做了多个网站,却只进行了一个备案。
5、上面第2项中的文章不见了,但该网站中有个“免费论文”栏目,其中转载内容全部没有署名,侵犯著作权显而易见。

001070425悠视网http://www.uusee.com/
除了向Blog发垃圾广告信息外,该站还有如下疑似违法违规行为:
1、备案证号码登记为个人:谭志宇,且是“京ICP备06062758号”而非“京ICP证……号”。“备案”登记的只能是非经营性网站,不能进行经营行为。
2、该站主页上的“经营性网站备案信息”主体为:北京时越网络技术有限公司;但主页上的《网络文化经营许可证》(文网文[2006]060号)却是“北京天天宽广网络科技有限公司”。

002070425:《中华奇门点穴远程训练基地》http://www.prcdx.com/
这个网站除了发送垃圾广告信息外,还有如下疑似的违法行为:
1、网站没有进行ICP备案,但根据网站上的“联系我们”页面,(域名/web/do.php?action=text|0|670|cn|31|13),该站站长为何某个人。
2、网站没有合法的经营许可证,但却提供经营性服务。

003070425:《阳光之旅http://www.tripsun.com/
除了发送垃圾广告外,
这个网站的ICP证书为备案证书,不能从事经营性业务,但却显然在进行机票预定等经营性业务。

004070425:《123soho创业网》http://www.123soho.net/
这个台湾人办的网站没有经营许可证,只有非经营性网站备案证,却大肆从事经营活动,且涉嫌传销以及推广非法软件。最搞笑的是,这个网站上还堂而皇之地说“《蜀ICP备05028793号》经营性ICP指利用网上广告、代制作网页、出租服务器内存空间、电子商务等方式获得收入的赢利性网站经营许可证。”胡乱解释法律,企图误导访问者,涉嫌诈骗。

============================以下是张樊的帖子,粘过来,再接再励:
http://www.netlawbbs.com/article.asp?id=336
============================

张樊:法豆垃圾网站展览馆分馆

豆子开办《滥发网络广告信息的垃圾网站展览馆》,展示骚扰我们的垃圾信息发送者。本来这些下面这些垃圾信息发送者是在豆子的页面下跟贴的,结果因为里面包括了一些词被过滤掉(被过滤的词应该是"六合彩"),无法发布,那就在这里继续展示,权当《法豆垃圾网站展览馆分馆》了。  

倍受垃圾信息的骚扰,让我在一定程度上理解了百度降低有些网站的搜索排名了。诸多网站广发垃圾广告信息,一个方面能够直接带来一些访问量,另一个方面通过垃圾链接来提高自己的搜索引擎排名。搜索引擎"火眼金睛",能够将这些靠发垃圾链接提高排名的网站打回原形。可这些网站仍然乐此不彼,疯狂发送垃圾信息,我们每天都需要花费一定时间来删除这些垃圾信息。此番豆子的展示,也是不得已而为之。

话说回来,引用通告Trackbacks)本来是Blog的一个重要功能,可也成为了垃圾信息泛滥的"重灾区"。我的Blog上曾将超过上万个的Trackbacks都是垃圾信息,甚至是发展到我的文章发布的时候自动就跟上几十条垃圾Trackbacks。迫不得已,一个星期前,我干脆就把Blog中的这项功能给删除掉了。

下面来说说仍然在我的Blog文章评论与留言区"作恶"的垃圾网站:

1、阀门网站:http://www.buy-valve.com/
法豆编号:008070428
不知道有多少读者对阀门信息感兴趣,到这里发垃圾信息,广告效果可不好呀。这家网站的广告水平很高,不仅仅有到首页的链接,还列举出一大批产品名称,直接指向自己的相关产品页面。

2、这个是不是垃圾广告的源头?——"自动发您广告软件,让万人知道你项目!可发产品图片,使用超级简单, 不用设置,写好自己广告自动发!QQ368720493"
法豆编号:009070428各地针对街头的小广告采取了各种办法,包括"呼死你"。如今对公布QQ号的,不知道有什么好办法让他(她)的QQ用不成。还没有到腾讯针对这种情况关闭服务的那一步。还是盗号高手快点当"侠客","以暴制暴",把这些的QQ号码偷了了事。或者哪位仁兄也开发一个软件,拼命向这个号码发送信息,呼死这个QQ号码。

3、机票预订:http://www.tripsun.com/
法豆编号:010070428
对不起,"机票预订"发错地方了,我至今还没有坐过飞机,只是在一个支线机场外远远地看过飞机起飞和降落。出远门我靠的是火车,拜托,不要给我发这个机票信息了,等晚点发财了,坐得起飞机再找你。此番博文也等于是把你的联系方式记下了,发财了一定联系你。或者你去豆子那发发,他又快坐飞机回北京了。

4、六合彩——六合香港六合、足彩、彩
法豆编号:011070428
我终于明白,为什么这些词这么的别扭了。因为"六合彩"一词被过滤,只有分开发。当我把这些都过滤的话,恐怕"liu合"的字样就会出现了。这些违法的信息在我的Blog上出现,我怠于删除,客观上也帮助了这些信息的传播,说不定追究我的法律责任呀。先生们,违法的事情你们独自干去,别把我拖下水。

5、云南旅游——http://www.uyn580.com/
法豆编号:012070428
豆子的家在云南,去云南旅游会找他不会找你的。美丽的云南,因为你滥发垃圾信息的行为而被污染。

6、http://dxprc.123soho.net
法豆编号:013070428
网站没敢打开,但号称"5分钟改变人生",看样子又是一条赚钱之路。这样的垃圾广告不知道骗了多少人,变相的网络传销。春节前,我一位三十有余的朋友急于找女友而被从东莞骗到深圳听"传销洗脑课",成为笑谈。我那位朋友心思都在女人身上,再美好的钱景也挡不住找女友的心,立马找理由"逃跑"了。这种赚钱的门路,我也不感兴趣,请远离我吧。

未完,待续。  

法豆:其实,如果出于扶持中小企业的目的,只要是合法经营行为,允许他们采用opt-out的模式,让他们通过网络发送信息,也未尝不可,香港采用的就是这个原则(点这里看我当时对立法草案的评论)。我国现在的《互联网电子邮件服务管理办法》采用的是Opt-in的原则(点这里看我的介绍)。不过,这里的广告还和电子邮件有所不同。因为我国实行的是商业广告的许可制度(合理不合理先不论),所以这些广告宣传不是OPT-IN还是OPT-OUT的问题,而是未获得许可的问题。更为关键的是,他们是通过垃圾广告发送机任意发送的。

Some Useful Links on China Internet Governance

Internet Governance in China is an aspect of my research topics. The following is a list of some useful publicated materials on the topic. I believe this collection is very copyrightable even it is just a rough version. This list is also contributed by Dr. Zhao Yun, so please at least mention our name (Zhao Yun and Dong Hao) and the URL of this site (www.blawgdog.com) after you use it.
 
Click HERE to see the details.
Internet Governance in China is an aspect of my research topics. The following is a list of some useful publicated materials on the topic. I believe this collection is very copyrightable even it is just a rough version. This list is also contributed by Dr. Zhao Yun, so please at least mention our name (Zhao Yun and Dong Hao) and the URL of this site (www.blawgdog.com) after you use it.
 
Please refer to the links to see the relative materials, which are in English unless followed “CN” after the links.
 
I. Major Structure of Internet and Internet Law in China
Articles:

Legislations:

 
II. Cybercrime Law in China

Articles:

China legislations on cyber crimes:

HK legislation as a Comparison

HK Laws against Hacking

HK Laws against Criminal Damage

Laws relating to Pornography

Laws relating to Internet Gambling

III. Critical Information Infrastructure via Legislation

On 16 April 1996, Chinese Central government set up a temporary unit: Work Group of Informationalization (which was substituted by some organ of the Department of Information Industry), which takes the responsibility of constructing information infrastructure. After that, many governmental documents (both in central and local levels) mentioned the term “Information Infrastructure”. In the newest 2006-2020 National Information Development Strategy, Chinese government proposed some aims of the development of information infrastructure. But in China, the term information infrastructure is mostly appeared as slogans, and it rarely lies in regulative provisions. Click here to see a rare example in a provincial regulation, and here (see Art. 5) is another example.

 

China has promulgated some ordinances on the information safety, apart from the above legislations. The followings are some other focusing on the security of computer, information assurance, information infrastructure, content censorship, and so forth.

l           Implementation Rules for Provisional Regulations of the Administration of International Networking of Computer Information in the People’s Republic of China (Should be visited in the network of City U)

l           Provisions on the Technical Measures for the Protection of the Security of the Internet (Should be visited in the network of City U)

l          Regulations of the People’s Republic of China for Safety Protection of Computer Information Systems (CN)

l          A definition of “nocuous information” that should be prohibited can be find here (CN), and one can find more regulations at here, and here (CN) provides some basic regulation to the information infrastructure.

 

One should remember that besides the legislations, there are some other documents that appeared not in the forms regulatory documents but policy statements, administrative notifications and even slogans in the field of information infrastructure. These documents are also very useful in the empirical research, though legal interpretations and deductive analyses to them may not applicable.

IGP launches Chinese website

The Internet Governance Project announced today that its website is now available in  Chinese. "We view it essential that one of the world’s largest Internet user community  have access to the global debate on Internet governance," said IGP Operations Director  Brenden Kuerbis. "In anticipation of the upcoming Internet Governance Forum, all  individuals, the private sector and governments must have access to objective analysis of  issues of freedom of expression, content filtering, and competition policy surrounding  critical network resources."  While only providing limited translation at this point, IGP  plans to publish translations of key papers prior to the Forum.

http://internetgovernance.org/cn_index.html

The Internet Governance Project announced today that its website is now available in  Chinese. "We view it essential that one of the world’s largest Internet user community  have access to the global debate on Internet governance," said IGP Operations Director  Brenden Kuerbis. "In anticipation of the upcoming Internet Governance Forum, all  individuals, the private sector and governments must have access to objective analysis of  issues of freedom of expression, content filtering, and competition policy surrounding  critical network resources."  While only providing limited translation at this point, IGP  plans to publish translations of key papers prior to the Forum.

http://internetgovernance.org/cn_index.html