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標籤: 研究

分享一点粗浅的法学论文写作经验

  今天和同学在QQ上聊起写论文,胡乱说了几句方法的东西,事后一读觉得还挺有意思,贴在这里分享一下,自己也记录一下。

  法学研究毕竟与社会学不同。首先还是对法律逻辑体系的整理、批评和回顾。我觉得首要的研究是现有立法。先把现有立法、现有司法判决整理出来,我觉得这是第一步。第一步看了一些立法和判决后,会发现立法和司法中的问题,比如模糊之处,或者矛盾之处。再针对问题去找相关的资料,这样就很快缩小范围了。

  至于外国的相关制度,则不能着急。要等真的整理出了问题之后,再去找外国的法律。否则,以方向(或“主题”)为关键词去找外国的东西,就很容易失败。很多研究者都想拿自己的题目直接翻译后去搜索外国资料,然后会发现外国没有相对应的立法。我想主要的问题是没有注意到比较法的局限。比较法作为一种方法,还是以功能主义为主。功能等同的制度,在描述上,在学科归属上,各国会非常不同。所以不见得有用。

  只有发现问题后,才有可能带着问题去找资料,包括阅读外国的立法(或教科书,教科书往往很有用),通篇阅读(或者至少看目录),而不是单独找对应条款(因为常常找不到对应的),然后才能发现其中可能可以解决相关问题的条款。

1 Comment

Some comments to the research of Chinese law

After more than thirty years legal march, the Chinese legal system has been more and more complicated (although still immature and full of conflicts), and it is the time to review it as an integrated system but not only a target of criticism.

 

For instance, the research to the text of Chinese legislation may frequently meet a paradox: why the standards in Chinese law are not enforced in practice? The researchers may attribute to the Confucian culture, "Asian Value" and the corruption (or arbitrariness) of authoritarian regime, etc. It seems the violation of human rights, the censorship of Chinese Internet and the widespread piracy in Chinese copyright market were normality, or that would not be China. However, these not-wrong discoveries are mostly not able to provide solutions. A combination of positive research to Chinese law and the observation to either the existing reform within the regime or the potential trends in the society, as what I am trying in my proposed research, may make the solutions nearer.

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